葡萄酒社

新疆地貌地区英文翻译

地理、地貌geography/ topography
北方草原the northern steppe
北疆North of Xinjiang /Northern Xinjiang
沉积盆地 sedimentary depression
沉积岩sedimentary rock 
冲积型平原 alluvial plain
东疆 East of Xinjiang /Eastern Xinjiang
腹地heartland
戈壁Gobi Desert 
戈壁荒滩barren sands of the Gobi Desert
荒地和草场wasteland and pastureland 
喀斯特地貌Karst landform
流动性大沙漠shifting sands
门户gateway
南疆South of Xinjiang / Southern Xinjiang
温带大陆性气候 temperate continental climate 
新疆腹地 the heartland of Xinjiang
雅丹地貌Yadan/Yardang Landform
亚欧大陆the Euro-Asia continent/ the Eurasian Continent
亚欧大陆腹地 the hinterland of the Eurasian Continent
中国西北边陲in the border area of northwest China
主要通道和枢纽main passageway and hub
 
考古、地质
阿斯塔纳洞古墓群the Astana Ancient Tombs /the Ancient Astana Tomb complex 
阿斯塔纳-哈拉和卓古墓群the Astana-Hara Hozuo tomb complex /the Tombs of Astana and Karakhoja (underground museum)
安德罗诺沃类型 Andronov type
白种人/欧罗巴人Caucasoid race
彩绘泥俑colored clay figurine 
彩陶colored pottery 
出土文化层excavated cultural layer
妇好墓the tomb of Fuhao
古人类学家Palaeo-anthropologist
古生代the Palaeozoic Era
虢国墓the Guoguo tomb (at Shangfengling in Shaan County of Henan)
洪水冲击扇sluice fan-like plain
旧石器时代Palaeolithic Age
考古学archaeology
克罗马农人Cro-Magnon
蒙古利亚人种the Mongoloid race
尼安德特人Homo Neanderthal
帕米尔-费尔干类型 Pamir-Fergan type
青铜时代 Bronze Age
人类学 anthropology
石器文化遗址 Stone Age site
丝织品silk fabrics
粟特地区Sogdiana
陶瓷土pottery clay
铁器时代Iron Age
铜镜bronze mirror /brass mirror
铜器 bronze ware / copperware
乌兹别克斯坦切舍克-塔什洞穴rock cave at Queshka-Tash in Uzbekistan
新后期late Neolithic Age
新生代the Cenozoic Era
新石器遗址Neolithic site
焉布拉克墓地 Yablak Tomb
殷王武丁the king of Shang Dynasty Wuding
殷墟Yinxu(Anyang of Henan)
俑figurine
中生代the Mesozoic Era
中石器时代Mesolithic Age
中亚两河类型Central Asia Transoxiana Type
侏罗纪the Jurassic Age 
 
国家、省市及口岸
阿富汗共和国the Republic of Afghanistan
阿黑土别克口岸Ahetubieke /Aheitubieke Port(克孜克雍克Keziwuyongke)
阿拉木图Alma-Ata
阿拉木图州Alma-Ata Oblys (哈国)
阿拉山口口岸Alataw Pass/ Alashankou Port
阿亚古斯车站Ayaguz Station 
巴基斯坦伊斯兰共和国 the Islamic Republic of Pakistan 
巴克特Bakhty 
巴克图口岸Baketu /Baktu Port (doorway of Junggar)
巴彦乌列盖省Olgiy(蒙古)
比什凯克Bishkek(吉国)
边防检查站National Defense Examination Station 
边界线boundary, borderline
边界制度和处理边境问题的条约 the Treaty on the Boundary Regime and Handling of the Border Issues
边境经济合作区border economic cooperative zone border trade market 
边民互市点border dwellers’ trading zones
布尔干县Bulgan (蒙古)
布格特县Bergut (蒙古)
德鲁日巴市Druzhba/ Deruriba(哈国)
东哈萨克斯坦州East Kazakhstan Oblys(哈国)
动植物检疫Quarantine Station 
都拉塔口岸Dulata Port (霍东孜Huodongzi)
额尔齐斯口岸the Ertix Port
俄罗斯联邦the Russian Federation
戈壁阿尔泰省Gobi Altay(蒙古)
国际直达汽车联运班车international through bus service 
哈尔滨Harbin 
哈萨克斯坦共和国 the Republic of Kazakhstan
红其拉甫口岸Kunqirap/ Khunjerab/ Hongjerap Port 
红山嘴口岸Hongshanzui Port
互市市场reciprocal trading
换装库goods train-changing station 
霍尔果斯口岸Korgas /Horgas Port 
吉木乃口岸Jeminay Port
吉尔吉斯斯坦共和国the Republic of Kyrgyzstan
吉尔吉特Gilgit (in Pakistan)
卡拉苏口岸Karasu Port
喀什机场Kashgar Airport 
科布多省Hovd(蒙古)
口岸管理委员会the Port Administrative Committee 
老爷庙口岸Laoyemiao Port (Guan Yu)
联检大厅a joint examination hall
联运线路joint transportation line
陆路口岸 land port
马尔哈库勒区Markakol(哈国)
蒙古共和国the Republic of Mongolia
莫斯科Moscow 
木扎尔特口岸Muzart Port (Poma)
纳林果勒区Narynkol(哈国)
内蒙古Inner Mongolia
欧亚大陆桥 Eurasian Continental Bridge 
齐桑县Zaysan(哈国)
前苏联Former Soviet Union 
琼扎区Chundzha(哈国)
三道河子口岸the Ili River Port
沙迦Sharjah
商检Commodity Inspection Station 
苏斯特Sost 
塔城机场Qoqek Airport
塔尔迪库乐士州 Taldyqorghan Oblys (哈国)
塔吉克斯坦共和国 the Republic of Tajikistan 
塔克什肯口岸Takeshken /Takesken Port
塔拉斯Talas (Zhambyl of Kazakhstan)
塔什干Tashkent (Uzbekistan)
图尔盖特口岸Turugart/Turgart Port (托云口岸Tuoyun Port)
托克马克市the Tokmak City(吉国)
托帕口岸Tuopa Port 
卫生检疫Hygiene and Epidemic Examination Station 
西伯利亚 Siberia
西藏自治区Tibet Autonomous Region
谢米巴金斯克州Semey Oblys(哈国)
雅尔肯特Yerket(哈国)
伊尔克什坦口岸Irkeshtan /Yilkeshtan Port
伊斯兰堡Islamabad
伊斯坦布尔Istanbul
印度共和国the Republic of India
乌拉斯台口岸Ulastay Port /River
乌兰巴托Ulan Bator
乌鲁木齐机场Urumqi Airport 
中俄边界Sino-Russian boundary
转口贸易业务business of transit trade
 
山脉、山峰、高原、冰川
阿尔金山the Altun / Aerjinshan /Arjin Mountains
阿尔泰山脉the Altay/Altai Mountains
阿拉套山the Alataw Mountain
巴里坤山the Barkol Mountain 
北塔山Baytik / Beita Mountain
博格达山the Bogda /Qoltag Mountains
博格达峰Mount Bogda 
大兴安岭the Daxing’anling Mountains
冈底斯山 the Gandise Mountains
公格尔峰 Mount Kongur
公格尔山-慕士塔格峰山冰川the Kongur-Muztage Glacier
公格尔九别峰Mount Kongurijobe
汗腾格里峰 the Hantengri Peak
金山the Gold Mountains
昆仑山脉the Kunlun Mountains 
喀尔力克山 the Harike Mountain
喀拉昆仑山Karakorum Mountain / Karakorum and Pamir mountain ranges
科克沙勒山 the Kirk Shayler Mountain
可可西里冰川 the Hoh Xil Glacier
库鲁克塔格Kuluktag/ Quruqtage
慕士塔格峰Mount Muztagata /Muztag / Muztage
木扎尔特冰川 the Muzart Glacier
那拉提山the Naraty Mountain
南山the Southern Mountains
南伊诺勒切克冰川the South Inilchek Glacier 
帕米尔高原 the Pamir Plateau /the Pamirs(即葱岭the Congling Mountains) 
婆罗科努山 the Borohoro Mountain
祁连山 the Qilian Mountains
乔戈里峰  the Qogir /Chogori Peak
秦岭the Qinling Mountains
青藏高原the Qingzang /Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
却勒塔格山the Queletag Mountain
山系mountain system
塔勒奇群山the Taloqi Mountains 
天山山脉the Tianshan Mountains
托木尔峰Mount Tomur
乌孙山the Usun Mountain
兴都库什山 the Hindu Kush Mountains
焉支山 the Yanzhi Mountain
依连哈比尔尕山 the Eren Habirga Mountain
友谊峰the Youyi Peak / Mount Friendship
终南山 the End of the Southern Mountains
终年积雪覆盖snow-capped all the year round
珠穆朗玛峰Mount Qomolangma 
 
盆地、沙漠、草原
巴里坤草原Barkol Grassland
巴音布鲁克草原Bayanbulak Grasslands
草原 grassland
大小尤勒都斯/尤尔都兹盆地Major and Minor Yoledus / Yulduz Depressions
戈壁 Gobi
古尔班通古特沙漠  Gurbantunggut Desert 
哈密盆地Hami Depression
库姆塔格沙漠  Kumutage Desert 
鲁卜哈利沙漠the Ar-rub-Al-khali Desert (in Arabian Peninsular)
绿洲oasis
那拉提草原Nalat Grassland
塔里木盆地   Tarim Basin
吐鲁番盆地  Turpan/Turfan  Basin/ Depression 
焉耆盆地Yanqi Depression/ Karaxar Basin
库木库里盆地Kumkor Basin
塔额盆地the Tarbagatay - Dorbiljin Basin 
塔克拉玛干沙漠   Taklimakan /Taklamakan Desert
中亚草原the Central Asia Grasslands
准噶尔盆地 Junggar Basin/ Jungaria
 
河流、湖泊、海洋
阿克萨依湖Aksay Lake
阿克苏河 Aksu River
Aksayqin Lake
阿姆河 the Amu River 
阿其格库勒湖Aqqikkol Lake
阿雅格库里湖Ayakkum/Ayarkkol Lake
阿旎/旃陀石窟Ajanta grottoes 
艾比湖 Lake Ebinur
艾丁湖Lake Aydingkol
艾西曼湖 Aiximan Lake
巴尔喀什湖Balkhash/ Balqash /Balquash Lake
巴里坤湖Barkol Lake(蒲类海Pulei Sea)
北冰洋Arctic Ocean
贝加尔湖 Lake Baikal (北海the North Sea)
博斯腾湖 Lake Bosten
布尔根河谷Burgen River Valley
布尔津河Burqin River
布伦托海 Buluntuo Lake
车尔臣河Qarqan River
楚河 the Chu river
葱岭河the Congling River
大西洋Atlantic Ocean
大运河the Grand Canal
淡水湖freshwater lake
地中海 the Mediterranean Sea
额比河the Ebinur   River
额尔齐斯河the Ertix River
额尔齐斯河谷the Ertix Valley
费尔干纳河谷/盆地Fergana/ Ferghana Valley
伏尔加河River Volga
和田河Hotan /Khotan River
花园水库Huayuan Water Reservoir 
黄河 the Yellow River
湟河Huang River
吉力湖 Jili Lake 
健陀罗石窟Gandhara grottoes
鲸鱼湖 Jingyu Lake
喀拉库勒湖Lake Karakuli (Black Lake/ Two Sisters Lake)
喀纳斯湖Lake Kanas
喀什噶尔河 the Kashgar River
开都河the Kaidu /Karaxahar River
克兰河the Kelan River
克孜勒苏河 Kirzlesu River
孔雀河 Peacock/ Konqi River
库车河the Kuqa River 
奎屯河 Kuytun River
里海the Caspian Sea (西海Xihai /the West Sea)
辽海 the Liao Sea
流沙河Liusha River
罗布泊 Lake Lop Nur /Lopnor Lake (Lop Nor/Lop Nur)
玛纳斯河the Manas River
木扎提河the Muzart River
尼雅河the Niya River
恰克玛克河the Qiakmakh / Qiakemake River
赛里木湖 Lake Sayram
塔里木河 the Tarim River
塔拉斯河the Talas River
太平洋Pacific Ocean
台特马湖Titema Lake
天池  Lake Tianchi/ Tianchi Lake (Heavenly Lake)
渭干河河谷Weigan River Valley 
乌鲁木齐河Urumqi River
乌伦古河 the Ulungur River
乌伦古湖Lake Ulungur
锡尔河the Syr River
咸海the Aral Sea
盐池 the Salt Lake
盐泽Yanze / Salty Lake (Lop Nur)
叶尔羌河Yarkant/ Yarkand River
叶尼塞河Yenisei River
伊犁河 the Ili River
伊犁河谷Ili Valley
印度洋the Indian Ocean
于阗河 the Yutian River 
 
旅游景点
阿艾故城遗址the Ancient Aay City
阿格乡Aga Township 
阿帕霍加墓 Apahoja Tomb 
阿帕克霍加墓Apak Hoja Tomb (香妃墓Xiangfei Tomb)
艾提尕尔广场Id Kah Square 
艾提尕尔清真寺 Etgal /Atigar/ Etigar /Id Kah Mosque
白杨沟the Poplar Valley
柏兹克里克千佛洞Bezilklik /Bezkrik Thousand-Buddha Grottos  /Bizaklik Buddhist Temple Caves
本生故事Jataka Stories
壁画mural paintings
草原石人stone figures of grassland 
长桥饮马Watering Horses by Bridge 
城墙基the city-wall foundation 
翠馆鸣禽Paradise of Birds 
达克雅鲁斯夏雷遗址Yalusxialey Remains 
达坂城 Dabancheng Town 
丹凤朝阳阁the Danfengchaoyang Pavilion 
地下博物馆underground museum
第一批文物保护单位the first batch of monuments under the state protection
敦煌莫高窟 Mogaoku in Dunhuang
额敏·和卓Emin Hoja 
额敏塔/苏公塔Ermin Minaret /Emin or Sugong or Turpan Pagoda/Tower
额什丁墓Eshiding/ Ershiding Mausoleum 
二道桥地段Er Daoqiao Block
峰火台/烽燧/烽燧亭障beacon tower
佛洞Buddha cave
佛教故事Buddhist Stories /Buddha’s life story
佛庙 temple
佛像Buddha
拱拜(弧形陵墓)  dome-shaped tomb    
高昌故城 Gaochang Old City/ the Ancient Gaochang City
高山牧场mountain pastureland
高原风光a beautiful sight of plateau
古安乐城the Ancient Anle Town 
故城遗址vestige of ancient city
古墓葬ancient tombs
古炮台Ruins of Ancient Fort 
果子沟Fruit Valley
哈拉墩文化遗址the Haladun cultural remain 
哈拉和卓村落Karakhoja Village
哈拉和卓乡the Karahoja Township 
夯土结构rammed-earth structure
红山the Red Hill 
胡杨林forest of diversiform-leaved poplars
回王陵The Hui Princes Mausoleum 
火焰山the Flaming Mountains 
鉴湖泛月Jianhu Lake 
交河故城 the old city of Jiaohe/ Jiaohe Old City/Ancient Jiaohe City /the Ancient City of Jiaohe
解放南路South Jiefang Road
景虹垂钓Rainbow Bridges Between Ice Peaks
聚集地compact community 
喀拉汗王朝王庭遗址Ruins of Karakhan Dynasty
喀勒乎其遗址Karahuqi Ruins
坎儿井Karez Wells: underground network of irrigation (直井passage shaft, 地下渠道underground channel, 地面渠道ground channel, 小型蓄水池pond)
Kizigarha 
克孜尔千佛洞Kizil/ Kezil Thousand-Buddha Caves /Grottoes
克孜尔尕哈烽火台Kezilgaha Beacon Tower 
可可沙炼铁遗址the remains of Kekesha iron-smelting workshop
克孜利亚炼铜遗址the remains of the Kiziliya Copper Smeltery 
恐宁城Kongning Town 
库车大寺Kuqa Mosque
库木吐拉千佛洞Kumutula  Thousand-Buddha Grottoes 
喇嘛寺lamasery
砾石土gravel earth
旅游资源tourist resources
买谢提村Maixieti Village
名屋达格Mingwudag
明饶勒遗址the Ming Raoley Ruins
明园Ming Garden 
莫尔遗址Mor Vestige
Mohammed /Mahmud Kashgari Mausoleum 
木头沟Mutou Gulley
尼雅遗址the Niya ruins 
皮郎墩Pilang Mound
菩萨像Bodhisattva 
葡萄沟Grape Valley
棋盘石窟the Chessboard Grotto 
气泉gas spring
千佛洞 thousand-Buddha grottoes
浅浮雕shallow-relief carving
清真寺 mosque
龟兹壁画the Qiuci Frescoes
龟兹都城遗址Ruins of the Capital City of Ancient Qiuci State
全国重点文物保护单位key monuments under national protection 
热瓦克佛寺遗址the Rewak Vestige /Buddhist Temple
人民公园People’s Park 
人文景观cultural heritage
萨克萨克墩the Saksak Mound 
三仙洞(汉代佛窟) the Cave of Three Immortals/Immortal Beings /the Three-Immortal Caves
Shihezi: an oasis of the Gobi Desert 
上阿图什乡Upper Artux Town 
圣墓Saint Tomb
圣佑庙the Shengyou Lamasery 
生殖崇拜genital-organs worship 
石窟 grotto
石窟建筑sacred grottoes
石窟寺群grotto-type temples
石头城the Stone Castle (ancient Pantuo State)
the Water Mill Valley
苏巴什Subash: land of daughter
苏巴什村Subashy /Subashi Village
苏巴什佛寺遗址the Subash Buddhist Temple(即昭怙厘大寺the Grand Zhaohuli Temple)
塔合提村Takuti Village 
苏里唐麻扎the Sultan Tomb
塔印斜阳pagodas Bidding Farewell to the Setting Sun
天池the Tianchi Lake/Heavenly Lake/Lake Tianchi 
透雕fretwork
秃黑鲁帖木尔汗麻扎Tuheilu Tiemur Khan Mausoleum
吐鲁番Turpan: Region of Fire / Fire Prefecture /City of Grapes 
土塔earthern stupa
吐峪沟石窟the Tuyugou Grotto
屯田遗址garrison sites
托库孜卡那克遗址the Tuokuzi Karak Remains 
乌拉泊水上公园Urabo Water Park
Urumqi: an Ice and Snowy City/a city on coal mines
乌鲁木齐烈士陵园the Urumqi Cemetery of Martyrs 
乌孙古墓the Ancient Usun Tomb
西大桥the Western Bridge
仙境fairyland
香妃出浴Spring of Xiangfei
新兵营New Military Camp
新疆国际大巴扎Xinjiang International Bazaar 
星星峡Xinxin Gorge
燕尔窝the Nest of Swallows
岩画rock paintings
冶炼中心a smelting center 
因缘故事nidana stories 
营盘古墓the Ancient Tombs of Yingpan
玉皇庙Yuhaung Temple
阅微草堂 Yuewei Humble Cottage (纪晓岚Ji Xiaolan)
雅玛里克山the Yamalike Hill 
延城Yancheng 
岩画rock painting 
岩画长廊the Long Gallery of Rock Paintings /Petroglyphs 
伊逻卢城Yiluo Cheng 
遗址relics
约特干遗址the Yetegan Ruins 
镇龙塔the Zhenlong Pagoda 
镇妖塔the Zhenyao Pagoda
子母河river of son and mother 
自然景观 natural landscape
自治区博物馆 the Museum of the Autonomous Region 
自治区展览中心the Exhibition Center of the Autonomous Region 
 
民族、宗教、节日、语言、文化
阿訇Akhund
阿克多帕Akduopar
阿肯弹唱Aken’s singing to instrumental music 
阿拉伯语Arabic 
艾德莱斯绸the Atles Silk
艾里木·阿吉Hadji Alim
巴旦姆花帽almond embroidery hat 
巴罗提节(灯节)Parot Festival (lamp festival)
巴扎bazaar 
颁金节Banjin Festival 
宝木巴Bemuba 
壁毯tapestries
播种节plough festival
布依族 Bouyi
长袍robes /qapan 
朝鲜族 Korean
穿着节日盛装in one’s holiday best
大乘经典Mahayana scripture
达瓦孜表演dawaz performance (walking with a pole in hands on high tightened rope)/ aerial tight-rope walking
达斡尔族 Daur
大型音乐套曲grand music divertimentos
刀郎木卡姆Doran Mucam 
刀郎舞Doran / Daolang dance
典范paragon
叼羊goat-skin snatch game / goat-skin snatching /sheepskin snatching(哈族)
订婚仪式engagement party/ ceromony
冬不拉Dombra 
东乡族Dongxiang
独木舟canoe 
都塔尔琴Dutar 
对歌antiphony
多民族聚居的地区 a Multi-ethnic Region
俄罗斯族 Russ
梵语Sanskrit 
飞身跳跃somersault 
佛本生故事Buddhist stories 
佛教Buddhism 
佛经Buddhist scripture
赴麦加朝觐a pilgrimage to Mecca
割礼仪式circumcision 
歌舞之乡land of song and dance 
拱顶门楼arched gate tower
古尔邦节Corban /Feast of Sacrifice /Korban Festival /Id al-Adha(greater Bairam)
古兰经Koran 
Koranic dietary dictates (abstain from eating pork)
姑娘追girl’s chasing
哈密木卡姆Hami Mucam 
哈萨克毡房Kazak yurt(round felt tent)
哈萨克族 Kazakh/Kazak
汉族Han
花毡appliqued felt 
回族Hui
回族花儿Hua’er for Hui nationality 
基督教Christianity 
集中居住live in homogenous community
家庭畜牧业family-based stock breeding 
揭盖头veil unwrapping 
节日气氛festive atmosphere 
经营饮食行业operate catering service 
喀什大巴扎Kashgar Bazaar 
烤包子toast stuffed buns 
烤全羊roasted lamb
柯尔克孜族Kirgiz
克孜尔镇Kizil Township
箜篌konghou 
库姆孜Kumzi /Kumuz(comic dance)
库姆孜弹唱Kumzi performance 
喇嘛教Lamaism: 藏传佛教Tibetan Buddhism
勒勒车wooden-wheel cart
礼拜大厅prayer hall
罗布人Lop Nur villagers
马上拔河tug of war on horseback 
马头琴Matouqin: a four-stringed instrument with carved horsehead
麻扎mazar 
麦盖提刀郎人Market Doran folks
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